Wednesday, January 24, 2007

Thank You, Lord Baden-Powell. Today In 1908 The Boy Scouts Movement Was Started

My son is an Eagle Scout - I would be remiss if I did not mention today's milestone for an organization that has helped millions of boys become independent young men. I grew up with scouting and remember many summers at Ten Mile River family camp in New York State.

We are a scouting family. I am proud of that. My dad was a Boy Scout leader, and my brother is also an Eagle Scout. My husband was in the scouts, and until a while ago was an assistant scout master in my son's troop. My husband's father was also an assistant scout master in my husband's troop. In my youth I was in the Girl Scouts. My daughter was in Girl Scouts and I was a co-leader of her troop.

I think scouting is great because it helps to build independent young adults, teaches the kids incredible skills, and hones their abilities. Hiking, Cooking, Camping, and all the rest; it builds confident and capable men and women and creates memories that last a lifetime.

So today I am posting the historical background of the scouting movement from the Today In History website.
On January 24, 1908, the Boy Scouts movement begins in England with the publication of the first installment of Robert Baden-Powell's Scouting for Boys. The name Baden-Powell was already well known to many English boys, and thousands of them eagerly bought up the handbook. By the end of April, the serialization of Scouting for Boys was completed, and scores of impromptu Boy Scout troops had sprung up across Britain.

In 1900, Baden-Powell became a national hero in Britain for his 217-day defense of Mafeking in the South African War. Soon after, Aids to Scouting, a military field manual he had written for British soldiers in 1899, caught on with a younger audience. Boys loved the lessons on tracking and observation and organized elaborate games using the book. Hearing this, Baden-Powell decided to write a nonmilitary field manual for adolescents that would also emphasize the importance of morality and good deeds.

First, however, he decided to try out some of his ideas on an actual group of boys. On July 25, 1907, he took a diverse group of 21 adolescents to Brownsea Island in Dorsetshire where they set up camp for a fortnight. With the aid of other instructors, he taught the boys about camping, observation, deduction, woodcraft, boating, lifesaving, patriotism, and chivalry. Many of these lessons were learned through inventive games that were very popular with the boys. The first Boy Scouts meeting was a great success.

With the success of Scouting for Boys, Baden-Powell set up a central Boy Scouts office, which registered new Scouts and designed a uniform. By the end of 1908, there were 60,000 Boy Scouts, and troops began springing up in British Commonwealth countries across the globe. In September 1909, the first national Boy Scout meeting was held at the Crystal Palace in London. Ten thousand Scouts showed up, including a group of uniformed girls who called themselves the Girl Scouts. In 1910, Baden-Powell organized the Girl Guides as a separate organization.

The American version of the Boy Scouts has it origins in an event that occurred in London in 1909. Chicago publisher William Boyce was lost in the fog when a Boy Scout came to his aid. After guiding Boyce to his destination, the boy refused a tip, explaining that as a Boy Scout he would not accept payment for doing a good deed. This anonymous gesture inspired Boyce to organize several regional U.S. youth organizations, specifically the Woodcraft Indians and the Sons of Daniel Boone, into the Boy Scouts of America. Incorporated on February 8, 1910, the movement soon spread throughout the country. In 1912, Juliette Gordon Low founded the Girl Scouts of America in Savannah, Georgia.

In 1916, Baden-Powell organized the Wolf Cubs, which caught on as the Cub Scouts in the United States, for boys under the age of 11. Four years later, the first international Boy Scout Jamboree was held in London, and Baden-Powell was acclaimed Chief Scout of the world. He died in 1941.
The Boy Scouts of America website is here
Wikipedia offers an amazing list of Eagle Scouts here.

Scout Oath or Promise
On my honor I will do my best
To do my duty to God and my country
and to obey the Scout Law;
To help other people at all times;
To keep myself physically strong,
mentally awake, and morally straight.

Scout Law
A Scout is ...
trustworthy, loyal, helpful, friendly,
courteous, kind, obedient, cheerful,
thrifty, brave, clean, and reverent.

Scout Motto
Be Prepared.

For me and mine.. it's all good stuff. Thanks again to the founders, and the parents across our nation that volunteer their time to keep it going. Ahhh.. the smell of the campfire on a warm July evening.. so many good memories.