In China they are cracking down on enforcement of the one child per family rule which has been around for 28 years. There are now higher economic sanctions placed on couples who violate the mandate. Fines are being raised because wealthier couples apparently have been able to "buy their way out of the mandate".
China has about 1.3 billion people—20 percent of the global total. The government has pledged to keep the population under 1.36 billion by 2010 and under 1.45 billion by 2020.
at the same time...
In Russia they encouraged people to take the day off from work (Sept 12) to stay home and celebrate "procreation day".
The hope is for a brood of babies exactly nine months later on Russia's national day. Couples who "give birth to a patriot" during the June 12 festivities win money, cars, refrigerators and other prizes
Russia, with one-seventh of Earth's land surface, has just 141.4 million citizens, making it one of the most sparsely settled countries in the world. With a low birth rate and a high death rate, the population has been shrinking since the early 1990s.
So one country punishes, and the other rewards for giving birth. maybe they ought to be sending the Chinese families that want more kids over to Russia?